This website was created mainly to provide in-home care education. That said, the authors are also knowledgeable about many other important aging topics, and we feel that a few of them are worth covering in greater detail. In this article, we will define a few key terms related to aging, long-term care, and more. We will also provide links to trustworthy information around the Internet that you can access for more information.
In-home care actually falls under the classification of long-term care. Long-term care, sometimes abbreviated LTC, refers to services that help meet the needs of people who cannot care for themselves over a long period of time. In some cases, LTC consists of medical care, but more often long-term care is provided to individuals who can no longer complete one or more activities of daily living (ADLs) without assistance. Activities of daily living include using the bathroom, cooking & eating, and housekeeping. According to current estimates, around 70% of Americans will require long-term care at some point in their lives.
Hospice care refers to end-of-life care provided to individuals with a terminal illness. Hospice care is available to anyone with a terminal or life-threatening illness, but it is typically associated with the elderly and often with terminal cancer. This is a form of skilled care focused on managing pain, providing support, and making the end of one’s life as comfortable as possible. Generally, hospice care is performed in the home. Most agencies that provide hospice care must be licensed, and there are over 8,000 in the United States. This form of care is generally covered by Medicare.
Alzheimer’s disease, sometimes abbreviated as AD, is a degenerative condition that causes dementia. Alzheimer’s diseases leads to loss of memory, cognitive impairment, and the loss of other functions. There is no cure for AD, and Alzheimer’s care is primarily focused on reducing pain and suffering. Because of the nature and incurability of the disease, caregiving is essential. Home modifications, such as the use of safety locks, are common. As the disease progresses, the care receiver suffering from Alzheimer’s may require feeding tubes.